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Two Coats of Arms
for individuals of the Jacques Family in France

A word of note:  A coat of arms is given to and registered to one male member of a family.  The coat of arms is not "transferable" and so does not become the coat of arms for the entire family and its descendants.  If a son wishes to use the coat of arms of his father, it must have an element changed and it must be registered with the appropriate heraldry body in the individual's country - this is most strictly adhered to in England.  So, if you find a coat of arms for your family name - it was given and registered to one person only and cannot be claimed as "yours".


 
 

This Coat of Arms for the Jacques "clan" was found by Robert Jacques in a book by Napoleon Caron called Nos Vielles Armoiries Oubliées (1917) at the Montréal Central Library (the photo in the book was of poor quality).  This armorial appears to date back to the time of Louis III of France.  According to the author it was sculpted in the stone of a Picardie castle along with others (unfortunately, the castle is not named). 

A Description of the elements of this Coat of Arms


Upper Row:  Flag with horizontal lines, representation of French Seigniorial territory, French cross and fleur de lys, flag with vertical lines

Second Row:  Representation of the king's domain, representation of battle stations, Germanic lion, war camp

In the Centre of the two upper rows: Louis III's Coat of Arms

In the lower section:  Representation of a wheat field with a crow and a sheaf of wheat

From this photo, there is no way to determine the tinctures (colors) and other elements of the armorial.

 

Below is a more modern and simpler Jacques Coat of Arms.  There is no indication of the date of this one.  It was found by Jacquie Scherr on a web site called Free Coats of arms

A Couple of Heraldic Definitions

Cadency - (Ca'-den-cy) As the original object of armorial bearings was to distinguish one iron encased warrior from another, it was also necessary to provide distinctive bearings for different members of a family all entitled to bear the paternal arms. This gave rise to the use of Marks of Cadency, or differences (called by the French brisure.) They are as follows:

1. Label 6. Fleur-de-lis
2. Crescent 7. Rose
3. Mullet 8. Cross Moline
4. Martlet 9. Octofoil
5. Annulet  

The eldest son (during the lifetime of his father) bears a label of three points; the second son, a crescent; the third, a mullet; the fourth, a martlet; the fifth, an annulet; the sixth, a fleur-de-lis; the seventh, a rose; the eight, a cross moline; the ninth, an octofoil. A younger son of a younger son places a mark upon a mark. Thus the ninth son of a ninth son would place an octofoil upon an octofoil.

Helmet - The helmet is borne above the shield and beneath the crest. Like the coronet, it denotes the rank of the wearer. Those used by English heralds are: (1) For sovereigns and princes of the blood, borne full-face, with six bars, all of gold; (2) for the nobility, of steel, with five bars of gold, shown somewhat in profile; (3) for baronets and knights, of steel, full-faced and open; (4) for an esquire or gentleman, of steel, with the visor closed, and represented in profile (as in the helmet above).

Fess - Formed by two horizontal lines drawn across the field, comprising the center third of the shield. It is emblematic of the military girdle worn around the body over the amour and implied that its bearer was ever ready to serve his country.

 

Coat of Arms Symbolism
Symbolisms of Heraldry

The following symbolisms have been excerpted from W. Cecil Wade's "The Symbolisms of Heraldry or A Treatise on the Meanings and Derivations of Armorial Bearings".  Published in London in 1898. 

Colors and Metals


Or, yellow or gold
 
Generosity
Argent, white or
silver
 
Peace and sincerity

Sable or black
 
Constancy, sometimes grief

Azure or blue
 
Loyalty and truth

Gules or red
 
Military fortitude and magnanimity
Vert or green Hope, joy and sometimes loyalty in love
Purpure, purple
 
Royal majesty, sovereignty and justice
Tenne or tawney
 
Worthy ambition
Murray or sanguine Not hasty in battle, and yet a victor
   
Heraldic Lines
 
Nebulee or Nebuly
 
The sea or water
Engrailed and
Invected
 
Earth or land
Indented
 
Fire
Dancette
 
Water
Ragulee or Raguly
 
Difficulties which have been encountered
 
Embattled
 
Fire or the walls of a fortress or town
Ordinaries
 
Chief
 
Dominion and authority
Cross
 
Chevron - Protection
Fess
 
Military belt or girdle of honor
Bar For "one who sets the bar of conscience, religion and honor against angry passions
 
Pale
 
Military strength and fortitude
Palet
 
Same as Pale
Pile
 
Same as Pale
Canton Bearing of honor. When borne charged, it often contains some special symbols granted by the sovereign in reward for the performance of eminent service
 
Quarter Bearing of honor. Similar to the Canton
 
Bend
 
Defense or protection
Battune Sinister Marks a royal descent that is barred by illegitimacy from succession to the throne
 
Orle or Tressure
 
Preservation or protection
Flasques
 
Given by a king for virtue and learning, and especially for service in embassage
 
Voiders Given to gentlewomen who have deserved highly
 
Bordure or Border
 
Frequently adopted as a "difference" between relatives bearing the same arms
 
Gyron
 
Unity
Common Charges
 
Lion
 
Deathless courage
Tiger Great fierceness and valor when enraged to combat; one whose resentment will be dangerous if aroused
 
Bear
 
Ferocity in the protection of kindred

Wolf
 
Denotes valiant captains that do in the end gain their attempts after long sieges and hard enterprises. One whom it is dangerous to assail or thwart
 
Rhinoceros
 
Great ferocity when aroused
Elephant
 
Courage and strength
Heraldic Tiger
 
Same as Tiger
Leopard
 
Valiant and hardy warrior
Panther
 
As a lion may be said to signify a brave man, so may a panther a beautiful woman, which, though fierce, is very tender and loving to her young, and will defend it with the hazard of her life
 
Horse Readiness for all employments for king and country
 
Bull or Ox
 
Valor and magnanimity
Boar A fierce combatant when at bay, and ceases fighting only with its life, and therefore may be properly applied as the armorial bearing of a warrior
 
Goat Emblem of that martial man who wins a victory by the employment rather of policy than valor
 
Lamb Gentleness and patience under suffering
 
Ram
 
Authority
Hares and Rabbits One who enjoys a peaceable and retired life
 
Squirrel Sylvan retirement being the delight of its bearer
 
Hedgehog
 
Provident provider
Beaver
 
Industry and perseverance
Fox One who will use all that he may posses of sagacity, wit or wisdom in his own defense
 
Talbot, Mastiff and Greyhound
 
Courage, vigilancy and loyal fidelity
Cat or
Cat-A-Mountain
Liberty, vigilance, forecast and courage
 
Camel
 
Docility, patience and indefatigable perseverance
 
Bee
 
Well-governed industry
Ant
 
Symbolizes a man of great labor, wisdom and providence
 
Spider Wisdom, labor and providence in all affairs
 
Grasshopper
 
Wisdom and nobility
House Snail
 
Deliberation and perseverance
Double Eagle
and Eagle
Signifies a man of action, ever more occupied in high and weighty affairs, and one of lofty spirit, ingenious, speedy in apprehension and judicious in matters of ambiguity
 
Alerion Signifies one who having been maimed and lamed in war, was thus prevented from fully asserting his power
 
Wings
 
Celebrity, sometimes protection or coverture
 
Feathers (usually ostrich)
 
Willing obedience and serenity
Falcon or Hawk
 
One eager or hot in the pursuit of an object much desired
 
Hawks or
Falcons Bells
 
One who feared not to signal his approach in either peace or war
Owl
 
One who is vigilant and of acute wit
Peacock
 
Beauty and pride of carriage
Pelican
 
Devoted and self-sacrificing charity
Stork
 
Filial duty, emblem of a grateful man
Swan
 
A lover of poetry and harmony
Goose and Duck
 
A man of many resources
Gannet To subsist by the wings of his virtue and merit, having little land to rest upon
 
Swallow One who is prompt and ready in the dispatch of his business
 
Cock
 
Courage, always ready for battle, ready to fight to the death
 
Dove
 
Loving constancy and peace
Raven One who, having derived little from his ancestors, has through Providence become the architect of his own fortunes or one of an enduring constancy of nature
 
Crow Signifies a settled habitation and a quiet life
 
Dolphin Charity and a kind affection towards children
 
Tortoise
 
Invulnerability to attack
Unicorn
 
Extreme courage
Griffin Sets forth the property of a valorous soldier whose magnanimity is such that he will dare all dangers, and even death itself, rather than become captive
 
Dragon
 
A most valiant defender of treasure
Cockatrice
 
Terror to all beholders
Sphinx
 
Omniscience and secrecy
Pegasus Exceeding activity and energy of mind whereby one may mount to honour
 
Harpy
 
Ferocity under provocation
Mermaid
 
Eloquence
Centuar For those who have been eminent in the field
 
Hydra
 
The conquest of a very powerful enemy
Phoenix
 
Resurrection
Stag, Hart, Buck
and Deer
 
Policy, Peace and Harmony
Horns and Antlers
 
Strength and Fortitude
Escallop Shell
 
One who has made long journeys or voyages to far countries, who had borne considerable naval command or who had gained great victories
 
Other Shells
 
Protection of Providence
Heart
 
Charity, sincerity
Flaming Heart
 
Ardent affection
Hand
 
Faith, sincerity and justice
Red Hand
 
Usual mark for a baronet if borne on a small escutcheon
 
Arm
 
A laborious and industrious person
Gauntlet
 
Signify a man armed for the performance of martial enterprise
Leg
 
Strength, stability and expedition
Shoe
 
Same as Leg
Foot
 
Same as leg
Human Head
 
Honor
Blackamoor Head
 
Deeds of prowess in the Crusades
Skulls
 
Mortality
Crossed Thigh-bones
 
Mortality
Eye
 
Providence in Government
Millstones
 
The mutual converse of human society
Sceptre
 
Justice
Trident
 
Maritime dominion
Crown
 
Royal or seigniorial authority
Celestial Crown
 
Heavenly reward
Pastoral Crosier The emblem of a shepherd’s watchfulness over his flock, and denotes episcopal jurisdiction and authority
 
Annulet or
Finger Ring
 
Fidelity
Lozenge
 
Honesty and constancy, also held to be a token of noble birth
 
Billets
 
Their first bearer was a man who obtained credence, knowledge and faith in his words and deeds, and who was secret in his affairs
 
Pen
 
Emblematic of the liberal art of writing and of learned employments
 
Inkhorn
 
Same as pen
Harp
 
Contemplation
Lyre
 
Same as harp
Scythe Hope of a fruitful harvest of things hoped for
 
Sickle
 
Same as Scythe
Anchor Succor in extremity and the Christian symbol of hope
 
Ship, Lumphiad or Galley
 
All such symbols would point to some notable expedition by sea, by which, perhaps, the first bearers had become famous
 
Cubes, squares or dice  Constancy, wisdom, verity probity, and equity
 
Lozenge
 
Same as Cubes
Axe
 
Execution of military duty
Purse A frank and liberal steward of the blessings that God has bestowed
 
Tower or Castle
 
Grandeur and solidity. Sometimes granted to one who has held one for his king, or who has captured one by force or stratagem
 
Bridge
 
Signifies a governor or magistrate
Pillar or Column
 
Fortitude and constancy
Snake
 
Wisdom
Scaling Ladder
 
One who was fearless in attacking
Crosses
 
Symbolic of some Christian experience or sentiment
 
Trestles and stools
 
Hospitality
Cushions
 
Marks of authority
Angels, Cherubs and Seraphs
 
Dignity, glory and honor
Estoiles Emblems of God’s goodness or of some eminence in the first bearer above the ruder sort of men
 
Mullet Denotes some Divine quality bestowed from above
 
Gold Spur
 
Dignity of knighthood
Silver Spur
 
An esquire
Sun
 
Glory and splendor
Crescent Signifies one who has been enlightened and honored by the gracious aspect of his sovereign
 
Moon
 
Serene power over mundane actions
Fire
 
Zeal
Lightning The effecting of some weighty business with great clarity and force
 
Rocks
 
Safety, refuge and protection
Portcullis
 
Effectual protection in emergency
Hunting Horn
 
One who is fond of high pursuits
Trumpet
 
Ready for the fray
Cannon, Mortars, Cannon Balls and Grenades
 
Well bestowed on those who have dared their terrors in sieges and battles
Sword Indicates the bearer to a just and generous pursuit of honor and virtue in warlike deeds
 
Arrows and Arrowheads
 
Martial readiness
Spear or Lance
 
Knightly service and devotion to honor
Spear Heads or Pheons  Dexterity and nimbleness of wit to penetrate and understand matters of highest consequence
 
Shield
 
A defender
Saddles, Stirrups
and Spurs
 
Preparedness for active service
Horse Shoe
 
Good luck
Trunk of a Tree
 
An object of veneration
Fusil
 
Travel and labour
Shacklebolt
 
Victory in war
Water Bougets Conferred on those who had brought water to an army or besieged place
 
Catharine Wheel
 
Emblem of one who is prepared to undergo great trials for the Christian faith
 
Escarbuncle
 
Supremacy
Buckles
 
Victorious fidelity in authority
Clarion or Rest
 
Same as Trumpet
Beacons or Cressets
 
One who is watchful for the commonwealth or who gave the signal in time of danger
 
Chains A reward for acceptable or weighty service
 
Fusil of Yarn
 
Negotiation
Fret
 
Persuasion
Gold Roundles
 
One who has been found worthy of trust and treasure
 
White Roundles
 
Generosity
Wheel
 
Fortune
Cornucopia
 
Bounty of Nature’s gifts
Chaplets and Wreaths Granted for special service

For more information on the elements of coats of arms visit the link below.

Pimbley's Dictionary of Heraldry
Descriptions of the various elements of the coat of arms

Heraldry on the Internet
 

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